Action - In Roman law means action mechanism which has a Roman citizen to initiate a trial.

Civil action - which is responsible for claiming in court the goods or pecuniary interests. It arises from the right that we have about things and the same sources as the obligations; ie the law as contracts, torts and crimes.

Protection Action - involves the immediate protection of fundamental rights, to the actions or omissions of the authorities or individuals in cases determined by law that violate or threaten. Even under states of emergency; resulting from the application for protection (Art. 86 CP)

Prosecution - which is exercised with the aim of completing the criminal responsibility and in some cases civil. The legal power to promote judicial action in order that the court will rule on the criminality of the acts to which the holder of the action said to be offenses. According to Alcala-Zamora.

Accretion - is a term used to name the growth of a body aggregation minor bodies

Creditor - A creditor is a person (natural or legal) rightfully entitled to demand payment or performance of an obligation by both parties prior

Administrative act - it is understood by administrative act statement of general or particular issued in accordance with the formalities and requirements established by law, by the organs of public administration.

Acts - all volunteers will be lawful acts which have as their immediate aim to establish, between individuals, legal relationships to create, modify, transfer and retain or destroy rights. They should not be illegal, or will be prohibited by law, not by good manners and refer to things which are in trade.

Affinity - Relationship born of the marriage and is limited to the spouse, which is attached to the other consanguineous relatives. Spouses are not related; they are spouses. The husband can only be related to consanguineous his wife, and will be in the same line and degree, it comes to be compared to her own.

Affiliate - The person who receives an allowance of Casur, displayed in a monthly retirement organization for holders uniformed, civilian pension and a replacement for beneficiaries.

Proxy - it is called proxy, in law, to the person who has the legal capacity to act on behalf of another

Authentication - is the act of establishing or confirming something (or someone) as authentic, ie that claims made ¿¿by or about the thing are true. Authenticating an object may mean (think) confirming its provenance, whereas authenticating a person often consists of verifying their identity. Authentication depends on one or more authentication factors.

Beneficiary - Person to whom a contract of insurance benefits. Who enjoys a territory, property or usufruct received by the grace of another.

Bonus compensation - The bonus compensation for staff of the armed forces was created by the artículo1º Decree 2072 of 1997, but subsequently, the paragraph of Article 1 of Law 420 of 1998 foresaw that if the bonus was incorporated in the basic salary activity staff will have the same behavior in the liquidation of retirement and military and police "pensions and therefore disappear as a bonus

Pension bonus - The pension bond is a government bond calculated based on the contributions made ¿¿before membership in private funds, or transfer to the ISS. It is the recognition of the contributions made ¿¿by each member, to the ISS scheme or any entity administering pensions. (Art. 113 law 100/93).

Good faith - is the guiding principle of the legal acts, as of very significant importance to every right. It refers to behavior with honesty and accuracy, coupled with the loyalty, which involves acting as the law prescribes. Therefore, contracts and other acts, will have to celebrate, interpret and implement in good faith.

Expiration - This is the extinction or loss of any action or inaction right holder in fixed period or for breaching legal safeguards. It is also the realization of a right not to be subject to certain condition is not fulfilled, or event that does not happen, the moment or the way and the manner intended.

Successor - In civil law, is the subject becomes a creditor of a right as a result of a transmission mortis causa, free of charge who will perform another, to their advantage, calls do cause and in a more general sense, receives the heir as such, the equivalent term "entitled"

Coercive - The coercive jurisdiction judicial power is allocated to public institutions, so that, on their own, to pay their obligations legally cause their favor

Compensation - The will when two people meet, by its own right, the quality of debtors and creditors, mutual mind, whatever Regardless of the causes of either debt. She thus extinguished, with the power to pay such debts and so far the least of which would been attained, from the time in which they have begun to coexist

Computable - everything is measurable, and feasible to be resolved by an arithmetic operation.

Conciliation - Conciliation is a mechanism for resolving conflicts amicably and fairly, with the help of a neutral and qualified third party, known as a conciliator. With it we avoid bringing disputes to the ordinary courts long lasting and improve relations between the parties, since in this action are not losers, not winners.

Concubinage - The cohabitation of two people of different sexes and are not united by marriage. Relationship that often assumes a double aspect as cohabitants living in the same household, have children and appear to be, to society as spouses, but without the legal protection, enjoyed by the latter

Inbreeding - is the relationship that comes from a common ancestor and that comes by community blood that causes situations and relationships that affect the family and inheritance law also in procedural, civil or criminal; is the opposite form of the affinity relationship, it can be legitimate as illegitimate.

Surviving spouse - is the surviving spouse to the other, for which there are rules that protect them, referring to the problems that created the death of her consort, such as the regulation of marital property, the right of succession, the conjugal home, the right to continue to use and enjoy a location, after the death of another

Costs - These are expenditures or disbursements, both parties will be forced to face as a result of the proceeding and within it, such as sealing performance, court fees, attorneys' fees and experts. And the judgment and which determine the amount of the paid litigants.

Decree - Decision taken by the competent authority of his business, which is made ¿¿public in the prescribed forms: the decree of expulsion of the Jesuits.

Demand - Demand (economy). Demand is called to act, attitude or willingness to purchase goods and / or services, to provide for the satisfaction of needs, by one or more consumers. If demand concrete (done), is called real demand or effective demand, and must be fully backed by means of payment. If demand does not materialize for any reason, it is known as demand potential.

Petition right - the right to petition is a right which the national constitution in Article 23 granted to citizens to enable them to submit petitions to the authorities, so that they provide information on situations of general interest and / or private

Withdrawal - can be of the claim; and for which the actor expressed his willingness to end the process without sentencing, or the right: under which, the actor abdicate the right material and which is the foundation of his claim, as it will bring with it the last of which may not promote another pro cess for the same purpose.

Dolo - In civil: it is committing an unlawful knowingly and with intent to injure, whereas in criminal: the act with malice who acts knowing who commits a crime, and that in the pre-criminal action when a probable result is shown or possible, which wants or accepts and, before implementation, there will be no giving up.

Marital home - is the home of the couple, which governs the actions of divorce and annulment, and to be encouraged before the judge of it, although it may not currently the home of the bridegroom. He has the advantage that robs women of possible maneuvers and subject to a jurisdiction where the actions of a nature finds it less benevolent laugh.

Edict - Proceed to fix edict as required by Article 45 of the administrative code, for purposes of notification of this decision, because it is the complaint made ¿¿by a person who did not provide name, address and despite the measures was not possible to find Instead of physical location.

Edict - The summons by the judge through a call to the courthouse, hearing or in official and unofficial newspapers with the largest circulation in the jurisdiction of the aforementioned address, in order to appear in court to uncertain persons or certain but unknown address notifying the respective resolutions

Enforceable - final Judgment

But - court actions which a certain asset of the debtor afectándoselo settlement of the claim for which you have locked the embargo is immobilized. If a building is undertaken on the court order in the land registry is recorded; on a shot in auto registration; whether on a desktop will be appointed depositary.

Deed - they are granted by the record or to write with his ascribed. Instruments that do not identify themselves, but by the authorizing officer with the revenues of Article 1001 of the civil code and, sometimes, exceptionally, be replaced by the magistrate of the corresponding place.

Of-court - The format of-court statement is the event that makes a verbal person, freely and spontaneously, on any fact which testifies under oath before a notary.

Digital signature - encryption is a method by which two or more formalized online transaction security that the acceptance by both parties and has the proper authentication of the aforementioned identities; granting certain date, sender and recipient of the contents of the letter.

Police - Any one of the national security forces: gendarmerie, prefecture and police; regional security, including police from different provinces, which must intervene, by court order and at the request of a party, and to effect compliance with a court resolution and competent civil or criminal matter.

Hijuela - the particionaria account is given to each of the heirs in the probate proceedings and both partners in any settlement of a marital community respective mind, to establish, thereby, the amount that may correspond to them as those and how to cover it completely achieved.

Irrelevant - not according to law. Inadequate.

Relative invalidity - is one that some people suffer the law declares incapable because of their age, marital status or other circumstances. Relatively otherwise unable to be absolutely incapable of exercising legal acts themselves. They are relatively incapable

Executive judgment - a judgment must always refer to the recovery of sums liquid and payable, based on public or private documents, and involves a particular procedure, provided for these shops, and similar to the execution of a payment that judgment sums of money. It limited the proposition for exceptions.

Summary judgment - Intended for the procedures provided for by the codes and that the time is shortened, concentrated acts and proceedings are shortened, resources and restrict the number of witnesses be limited to five per side. It offers test and produce shorter than those fixed for processes that call ordinary terms.

Jurisdiction - Sets the territorial limits within which specific functions exercised by state bodies: executive, legislative or judicial. Part, jurisdiction, the legal and political status as sovereign power structures, but is circumscribed by the constitution and procedural law.

Jurisdiction - Jurisdiction (Latin iurisdictio, "say or declare the law") is the power derived from the sovereignty of the state, to apply the law in the case, solving definitively and irrevocably a dispute, which is exercised in exclusively by the courts composed of autonomous and independent judges

Jurisprudence - The repeated and regular coincidence of the re solutions grandstand them justice, respect of identical or similar legal issues. For which it is supplied, it is explained and, mindful of the integrative function of any legal order the legislative work continues, adapting and individualizing law and the law that applies in particular.

Litigation - A "dispute" is a legal dispute arises between two or more people. The term is commonly used as a synonym for trial, but its meaning is somewhat broader. Its use is more widespread in legal disputes in civil, commercial or administrative nature, rather than in criminal trials.

Precautionary measures - aimed res Judgments to keep the possibility of receiving a loan or obtain a prior re knowledge and before sentence is pronounced. They can be ordered before or after having promoted and demand presuppose the likelihood of the right claimed and try to avoid loss or deterioration of the debtor's assets.

Memorial - Letter in which a favor or grace is requested. Book where noted something to an end

Custody - The set of rights and obligations that the law recognizes parents on people and property of the children (or when required to third parties) while they are minors or disabled, in order to allow comply with those duties that are sustaining and educating those children.

Heritage - The sum of rights and obligations of a person, which are capable of eco nomic value. Consisting of a mass of goods and is considered as an abstract entity and dependent in various and different elements that compose it, that may increase or diminish without, therefore, is reached alter the set in total

Pension - The periodic payment is made ¿¿in cash to the creditor who proves to be, according to current security scheme. That's means do the benefit obtained by the spouse or living, which has retired, or has earned the right to retirement. It is a benefit derived and as such, it receives death of pensioner

Prescription - The prescription is a legal institution by which over time has the effect of consolidating the factual situations, allowing the extinguishment of rights or acquisition of the affairs of others

Provision - is so named in the insurance industry as a whole obligations of the insurer to the insured in case of accident

Social welfare - state function that performs or authorizes, to protect some people against the facts that hamper normal living standards. And that, by virtue of it, if a person suffers a disability, would be entitled to be told the minister healthcare, laboratories, medicine, etc., until complete recovery.

Procedure - chronological sequence of operations concatenated together, they constitute a function unit for performing a specific activity or task within a predetermined field of application

Process - specific way of carrying out an activity.

Resource replacement - involves the partial or complete renovation of an existing establishment, with or without change of capacity and / or quality of

Resolution - Need or expectation, generally implied or obligatory

Reinstatement - The process of reviving a policy that had expired

Restitution - Action to compensate for any loss or damage

Judgment - A decision by a court of law. In judgments that require payment of a debt, the court can implement an embargo on well ...

Separation of assets - By defends her hereditary insolvency creditors of the heir and the deceased which creditors are entitled to be paid in preference to personal heir, about inherited property. So in modern law it is becoming a genuine separation.

Marital partnership - a partnership basis Copropiedad unique and indivisible, affected to preserve the home and whose administration has been conferred by law to one or other of the spouses, according to the goods originate. They can be own husband or he is posing, common or marital, what matters to manage or liquidate the company.

Indeed society - or irregular society, which, when it is born, it is for the simple fact that two or more people bring their goods or services and develop, through them, an economic production for the common benefit, but without fulfill the legal conditions that become necessary to constitute a regular society

Subrogation - It will be the act of the creditor who, upon receiving your payment, you pay transmitted to all the rights and actions covering credit. Or an act of the debtor pays the debt of a sum of money amounting to the borrower and the lender subrogated in rights and actions, as if the original creditor.

Third - Everyone outside the obligation, convention, relationship or act. It is understood that involve two or more people and that any other, it would be third stranger to such legal act. That is, he has not attended its management, or become the universal legal successor of the party. Third is the singular successor and creditor

Testimony - The testimony of a witness to be put on facts of his knowledge.- signed, sealed instrument and sometimes legalized signatures, reproducing and attests to the act or public document held by a public officer, judicial officer or notary and whose original work on record, records or files.

Protection - is the legal institution that seeks custody of the person and property, or only of the goods or the person, who, not under parental authority is incapable of governing itself for being less than age or be declared incapacitated.